Electrosurgical ablation is a medical procedure that uses an electrical current to remove or destroy unwanted tissue in the body. It is typically performed using a specialized device called an electrosurgical generator, which delivers a high-frequency electrical current to the tissue being targeted.
The electrosurgical generator is connected to a handpiece containing an electrode or probe placed on or near the tissue to be ablated.The device works by delivering an electrical current to the targeted tissue, which causes the tissue to heat up and essentially be burned away. This process is called electrosurgery or electrocautery.
Electrosurgical ablation can be used to remove small or superficial lesions, such as warts, skin tags, or precancerous cervical tissue. It can also be used to treat heavy menstrual bleeding by removing the lining of the uterus, a procedure known as endometrial ablation.
One advantage of electrosurgical ablation is that it can be performed using local anesthesia, which allows the patient to remain awake during the procedure. This can help to minimize risks associated with general anesthesia.
However, electrosurgical ablation does carry some risks, including bleeding, infection, and damage to nearby tissue. These risks can be minimized by proper training and technique and by selecting appropriate patients for the procedure.
Overall, electrosurgical ablation is a safe and effective procedure for removing or destroying unwanted tissue in the body. Therefore, it is commonly used in gynecological and dermatological procedures, as well as in other surgeries where the removal of tissue is necessary.